|Name||Pope Benedict XVI|
|Original Name||Joseph Ratzinger|
|Date of Birth||April 16, 1927|
|Birth Place||Marktl Am Inn, Germany|
|Considers his hometown||Traunstein, Germany|
|Education||*Schooling in Freising
*Philosophy and theology at the University of Munich
|Doctorate||Thesis entitled: “The People and House of God in St. Augustine’s doctrine of the Church”.|
|Taught||Dogma and fundamental theology at the higher school of philosophy and theology of Freising. Was also a professor of dogmatic theology and of the history of dogma at the University of Regensburg and Vice President of the same university.|
|Papacy||Elected as a new Pope on Tuesday, April 19, 2005.|
|Is the||265th Pope|
|First Speech as a Pope||“After our great pope, John Paul II, the cardinals have elected me, a simple, humble worker in the vineyard of the Lord”|
|Was||Pope John Paul II’s chief theological adviser for 20 years.|
|Driving force behind||Crackdowns on liberation theology, religious pluralism, challenges to traditional moral teachings on issues such as homosexuality, and dissent on such issues as women’s ordination.|
|Characteristics as a||* Person: spontaneous wit, charm, courtesy, shy and gentle person
* Professor: one of the best-prepared and most-caring
|Title||‘Prefect of the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith’ when Pope John Paul II appointed him guardian of the church’s doctrine.|
|Benedicts means||blessing in Latin|
|First||The first German Pope in 1,000 years|
|Ascent to Papacy||
|Deeply moved by||candlelight services and midnight Mass.|
|Nazi army||Was drafted as an assistant to a Nazi anti-aircraft unit in Munich in 1943|
|Escaped||recruitment by the dreaded SS because he said he was training to be a priest.|
|Deserted the Nazi army||April 1945|
|Took part||1962-65 Second Vatican Council, a major attempt to modernize the faith|
|Some of his publications||* ‘Introduction to Christianity’ a collection of university lessons on the profession of apostolic faith, published in 1968
* Dogma and revelation, an anthology of essays, sermons and reflections dedicated to the pastoral ministry, published in 1973.
* ‘God and the World,’ published in 2000.
* “Values in a Time of Upheaval”
* “Aus meinem Leben,” published in English as “Milestones: Memoirs 1927-1977.”
|Languages||speaks 10 languages including heavily accented Italian.|
|Music||accomplished pianist with a preference for Beethoven.|
|Health||* Suffered a cerebral hemorrhage that temporarily affected his left field of vision in September 1991
* He cut his head after slipping in the bathroom during a vacation in the Italian Alps in August 1992.
|His Views on||No to woman priests: In order to protect true doctrine, to safeguard the communion and unity of the church and to guide consciences of the faithful.
Secularism: We are in a very grave moment; radical secularism may destroy humanism.
Cloning: More dangerous threat than weapons of mass destruction.
Threats to the Church: Ideologies such as Marxism, liberalism, atheism and agnosticism, collectivism, and what he called “radical individualism” and “vague religious mysticism.”
Rock Music: Vehicle of Anti-religion
Turkey: Turkey’s bid to join the Europe Union conflicts with Europe’s Christian roots
Buddhism: As a religion of self-indulgent
Homosexuality: as a “tendency” towards an “intrinsic moral evil”.
|Unflattering nicknames||Panzercardinal, God’s rottweiler, and the Grand Inquisitor|
|Biography||‘Cardinal Ratzinger: The Vatican’s Enforcer of the Faith’- written by Allen|
|Quote||“I can be obedient, because it is my fundamental conviction that my intelligence is limited and the church is wiser.”|