Dr. Kalaignar Karunanidhi

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Name Dr.Kalaignar Karunanidhi
Nick names Kalaignar
Pen names Mu.ka., Muukaji, Muuna Kaana, Maravan, Cheran, Karikalan
Date of Birth June 3, 1924
Birth Place Thirukkuvalai near Tiruvarur
Profession Politician, Orator, Administrator, Play-Wright, Editor, Publisher, Author
Parents Father: Muthuvelar
Mother: Anjugam
Sisters * Periyanayagam
* Shanmugasundaram
Wives *Padmavathy Ammayyar (Sister of famous playback singer C.S. Jayaraman)
*Dayalu Ammaiyar
Children Sons: Mu. ka Muthu, Mu.Ka.Azhagiri, Mu.Ka.Stalin, Mu.Ka. Tamilarasu
Daughters:Tamilselvi, Kanimozhi
Famous members of his family Nephew: Late Murasoli Maran
Grand Nephews: Dayanidhi maran, Kalanidhi Maran
First inspiration The great orator Alagiriswami, a pillar of the then Justice Party, who came to Thiruvarur to address a meeting in 1932. He was only 14 years at that time.
Interest in ‘dravida philosophy’ In 5th form when he read a book called ‘ Panagal arasar’
Teen years * Was drawn into politics
* Gathered all the students of the locality, and formed them into a reformist association of youth. The Sangam as it was termed, provided a forum for the boys to train themselves in the arts of speaking and writing.
* Participated in the Hindi opposition movement when he was only 14 years old.
* Circulated a hand written magazine called ‘Manavar Nesan’ which ran to 8 pages and was circulated to 50 members. Only the cost of the paper was collected.
*Started ‘Tamil Nadu Thamizh Maanavar mandram’.
Murasoli It was under the auspices of the “Tamil Nadu Thamizh Maanavar mandram’. that the now popular newspaper ‘Murasoli’ was born.
  • Book: “Kizhavan kanavu”
  • Speech: “Natpu” spoken for his school competition.
  • Pen name: “Cheran”
  • Editor :Magazine “Murasoli”
  • Play:“Santha allathu Palaniappan”
  • Stage appearance: the role of Sivaguru in the play titled Shanti, under the banner Dravida Nataka Manram in Pondicherry.
  • Screen play: for the film ‘ Rajakumari’
  • Maiden speech in the assembly: May 4 1957
Meetings Arignar Anna: Anna wanted to meet him after reading his article in “Dravida Nadu”. The first meeting impressed Annadurai very much.
Periyar: During a political meeting in Pondicherry
MGR: During the filming of the film Rajakumari.
Turning points in his life and career The film ‘Parasakthi” and in the political protest to change the name of Dalmiapuram to Kallakudi.
Period in Jail He used to read and write extensively during his prison time
About languages “Hindi is like ‘carrier food’ from the hotel; English is the food made by cook according to one’s instructions; and Tamil, food from the mother who knows the family’s needs and preferences, and feeds them accordingly”
Gift Arignar Anna presented him a gold ring for his political prophecy.
Never lost An election in his long political career spanning over 60 years.
Resigned his post of Member of Legislative Assembly during 1983 for the sake of Sri Lankan Tamils.
Autobiography “Nenjukku Needhi”
Political career
  • Founder of the first student wing of the Dravidian Movement called “Tamil Nadu Tamil Manavar Mandram”.
  • founder members of the D.M.K. in 1949.
  • D.M.K. Treasurer – 1961.
  • Deputy Leader of the Opposition 1962-67
  • DMK leader 1969 onwards
  • Cabinet Minister – Minister for Public Works, Government of Tamil Nadu 1967-69
  • Chief Minister of Tamil nadu
    – 10-02-1969 to 04-01-1971
    – 15-03-1971 to 31-01-1976
    – 27-01-1989 to 30-01-1991
    – 13-05-1996 to 13-05-2001
    – 13-05-2006 to till date
Foreign Travels European Countries, Britain, France, West Germany, Rome, U.S.A., Malaysia and Singapore.
“Nenjukku Needhi,” His autobiography
Books authored by him Romapuri Pandian, Thenpandi Singam, Vellikizhamai, Nenjukku Needhi, Eniyavai Erbathu, Sanga Thamizh, Kuraloviam, Ponnar-Sankar, Thirukkural Urai and many books in prose and poetry numbering more than 100.
Famous Stage plays Manimagudam, Ore Ratham, Palaniappan, Thooku Medai, Kagithapoo, Naane Arivali, Vellikizhamai, Udhayasooriyan, Silapathikarum
Popular screen plays Rajakumari, Abhimanyu, Mandiri Kumari, Marutha Naattu Ilavarasi, Manamagan, Devaki, Parasakthi, Panam, Thirumbipaar, Naam, Manohara, Ammaiappan, Malai Kallan, Rangoon Radha, Raja Rani, Puthaiyal, Pudhumai Pithan, Ellorum Innattu Mannar, Kuravanchi, Thayillapillai, Kanchi Thalaivan, Poompuhar, Poomalai, Mani Makudam, Marakka Mudiyuma? Avan Pithana? Pookkari, Needhikku Thandanai, Paalaivana Rojakkal, Pasa Paravaikal, Padadha Theneekkal, Niyaya Tharasu
World Tamil Confrence Delivered special address on the inaugural day of III World Tamil Conference held in Paris in the year 1970 and on the inaugural day of VI World Tamil Conference held in Kualalampur (Malaysia) in the year 1987.
Movie production Owns Poompuhar Productions, Mekala pictures
Awards *Annamalai University conferred on him the title of “Doctorate” in 1971.
*The Council of Doctor of Philosophy made him “Tamizha vel”
*Awarded “Raja Rajan Award” by Tamil University, Thanjavur for his book “Thenpandi Singam”.
favourite sports Cricket and Badminton
Famous buildings built during his tenure as CM
  • Thillaiadi Valliammai Nagar
  • Kattabomman Kottai
  • Poompuhar Kalai koodam
  • Valluvar Kottam and
  • Anna Arivalayam.
Hobbies Reading , Writing and literary discussions
Sad Moments
  • His first wife Padmavathy was ailing and in her death bed, but Karunanidhi had to render a speech at a meeting. When the meeting was concluded and he rushed home, his car was stalled by an engine problem and was forced to take a lorry home, by the time he reached his wife she had passed away.
  • When his father was on his death bed, Karunanidhi rushed to a meeting to bring the doctor, but Dr.Vadivelu on seeing him announced in the meeting that M.K. would address them next. Bereft of another alternative Karunanidhi rendered a speech, but half way through he received from his friend Thenan the news of his father’s death.
Worst moment Arrested in a post-midnight raid from his Chennai residence on June 29-30, by the then Jayalalitha Government.
Important Social schemes
  • Abolition of hand rickshaws
  • Slum Clearance Board
  • Family Benefit Scheme
  • Legislation for equal property rights for women
  • Incentive for inter-Caste Marriages and Widow’s Re-marriages
  • Adi-Dravidar Free Housing Schemes
  • Formation of separate departments for Welfare of Backward Classes
  • Special reservation of twenty percentage for Most Backward Classes
  • Setting up of the State Planning Commission
  • Free bus pass to students.
  • His father was a scholar and pundit and had written many songs.
  • When the Justice party was transformed to Dravida Kazhagam, Karunanidhi designed the party flag. A black flag with a red circle was decided tentatively.
  • Even a few days before his second marriage with Dayalu Ammaiyar, he participated in an ‘anti-Hindi’ agitation.
  • His mother is the third wife to his father.
  • Due to his interest in activities other than studies he failed three times in his final exams.
  • He also worked in the magazine run by Periyar called ‘Kudiarasu’ and earned a salary of Rs. 40.
  • He was the one who introduced MGR to Arignar Anna.
  • His name was left out in the title card of the film ‘ Abimanyu’ which angered him very much.
  • Always writes on his own and has a very neat handwriting. Does not like to have any helpers to write for him.
  • Founder of State Government’s News Reel, Arasu Studio. Founder of the Government Journal “Tamil Arasu” published in Tamil and English.
  • He has been elected as the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu for the fifth time.
Address 8, IV street, Gopalapuram, Chennai- 600 086
Quotes “Art without an ideal is like a house without roofing”

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