|Name||Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto|
|Date of Birth||21 June 1953|
|Birth Place||Karachi, Pakistan|
|Death||27 December, 2007|
|Buried||in Larkana, Sind, next to her father in the family mausoleum|
|Political party||Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)|
|Family|| Father : Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (Former Prime Minister)
Mother : Begum Nusrat Bhutto (former Member of Parliament and Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Brothers : Shah Nawaz and Mir Murtaza
Husband : Asif Ali Zardari
Children : Bilawal, Bakhtwar and Aseefa
|Education||Schools : Lady Jennings Nursery School, Convent of Jesus and Mary and Rawalpindi Presentation Convent.
College : Degree in Political Science from Harvard University’s Radcliffe College, US
Degree in Politics, Philosophy and Economics from Oxford University, UK
Post graduate Diploma in International Law from Oxford University, UK
|Marriage Date||18 December, 1987|
|Attire||A headscarf and traditional tunic and trousers|
|Ambition||To join the Pakistani Foreign Service but was asked to join politics by her father|
|Sworn enemies||* Baitullah Mehsud, the most prominent militant commander in the lawless region of South Waziristan, is allied to al-Qaeda and the Taleban.
* Haji Omar, a Taleban commander in Waziristan.
* Hamza Bin Laden
|Her views||*Kashmir – supports the right of self determination of the people of Jammu and Kashmir
*India – Is emerging as an economic powerhouse and is a force to reckon with on the world stage.
|Her Agenda||would seek reconciliation, peace, ending militancy, eradicating poverty, building institutions of civil rule and democracy, spreading education and providing hope to the people of Pakistan for a better future.|
|Favourite dessert||Ben & Jerry’s caramel fudge ice-cream, chocolate cake and meringues|
|Political timeline||* 1976 – Entered politics as her father’s political advisor
* 1977 – Placed under house arrest
* 1979 – Became the leader of PPP but was imprisoned just before her father’s death and spent the term in solitary confinement.
* 1984 – Left the country and went to UK for medical treatment. There along with her 2 brothers founded an underground organization to resist the military dictatorship in Pakistan.
* 1985 – Returned to Pakistan briefly for her younger brother’s burial.
* 1986 – Came back to Pakistan and attended mammoth rallies. Was elected as co-chairwomen of the PPP along with her mother and later as the leader of the party succeeding her mother.
* 1988 – Contested the elections and became the prime minister of Pakistan and also hosted the fourth S. A. A. R. C. Summit
* 1990 – President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dismissed Bhutto’s government, citing corruption and a failure to control ethnic violence.
* 1993 – Re-elected as Prime Minster in 1993.
* 1996 – President Farooq Leghari dismissed Bhutto’s second administration amid accusations of nepotism and undermining the justice system.
* 1997 – Lost the elections and went into exile to Dubai along with her children. Her husband was imprisoned.
* 1999 – A court found her guilty of corruption while she was out of the country. The conviction was later quashed, but she remained in exile.
* 2004 – After having several talks with President Pervez Musharraf she secured the release of her husband and frozen funds.
* 2007 – President Gen. Pervez Musharraf signed a corruption amnesty covering other cases against her, opening the way for her return and a possible power-sharing agreement.
* Arrived back October 18. Escaped an assassination attempt.
|Facts||* Is the first female prime minister of a Muslim country.
* In January 1977, she was the first Asian woman to be elected the President of the Oxford Union Debating Society.
* Her paternal grandfather was Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto, came to Larkana Sindh before partition from his native town of Bhatto Kalan, Haryana.
* The first modern head of state to give birth while in office.
* Loves to bear big watches.
* In her Harvard days she used to drive around in a yellow sports car.
* Loves to wear jewellery.
* Considers herself as a defender of women’s rights not feminist.
* Has a collection of self-help books in her library like Women Who Love Too Much, Self Help for Your Nerves, Secrets about Men that Every Woman Should Know and The Art of Being a Lady.
* The name Benazir means “without comparison”.
|Family tragedies||* Father – April 4, 1979,Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was hanged for the murder of Nawab Mohammad Ahmad Khan.
* Shahnawaz (brother) – was found dead in his French Riviera apartment in 1985.
* Murtaza (brother) – Won elections from exile in 1993 and became a provincial legislator, and was shot dead under mysterious circumstances in 1996. There is a rumour that her husband Zardari was involved in it.
|Husband||* His marriage to Benazir was an arranged one.
* Was nicknamed as Mr.10 percent
* Was accused of amassing a fortune of more than $100 million in bank deposits and luxury properties abroad, much of it bought with payoffs from foreign companies doing business in Pakistan.
* Is suffering from hypertension and diabetes. He also survived a heart attack
* Very confident about himself and readily takes a supporting role to his wife.
|Awards||* Bruno Kreisky Award of Merit in human Rights, 1988.
* Honorary Phi Beta Kappa Award (1989), presented by Radcliffe College.
* Highest Moroccan Award “Grand Cordon de Wissam Alaoui”
* Highest French Award “Grand-croix de la Legion Honneur” (1989)
* The Noel Foundation Award, 1990 (UNIFEM).
* The Gakushuin Honorary Award, Tokyo (1996)
* Award by the Turkish Independent Industries and Businessmen Association (MUSAID) on account of providing assistance to the people of Bosnia.
* Golden medal Dragon of Bosnia awarded by President of Bosnia (1996)
* Presidential Medal, Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Science (1995)
* Honorary Doctorate of Law, L.L.D Harvard University (1989)
* Honorary Doctorate of Law (Honoris Causa), University of Sindh (1994)
* Honorary Doctorate from Mendanao State University, Philippines (1995)
* Honorary Doctorate of Law (Honoris Causa), Peshawar University (1995)
* Honorary Doctorate of Economics, Gakushuin University, Tokyo (1996)
* Honorary Fellowship by Lady Margaret Hall, University Oxford, (1989)
* Honorary Fellowship by St. Catherine College, University of Oxford, (1989)
* Honorary Professor of the Kyrghyz State National University (1995) Kyrghyzstan.
* Honorary Professor of Yassavi Kazakh Turkish University, Kazakh-Turkish International Language University, Kazakhstan, 1995.
* Honorable Member of OHYUKAI, Alumni Association of Gakushuin, conferred by OHYUKAI Tokyo (1996).
* Awarded the 2000 Millennium Medal of Honor by American Biographical Institute, Inc. in November 1998. * Awarded American Academy Award of Achievement in London, October 28, 2000
|Her Books||* Foreign Policy in Perspective (1978)
* Daughter of Destiny (1989)
|Corruption Charges||* Her government was dismissed both the times for alleged corruption.
* She and her husband were accused of stealing millions of dollars from state coffers.
* About 18 corruption and criminal cases were filed against her husband and he spent 8 years in jail.
* She is also appealing against a conviction in the Swiss courts for money-laundering.
|About Herself||“I had faith in myself. I had always felt that I could become Prime Minister if I wanted.”|
|Cause of death||On 27 December 2007, she was assasinated while entering a vehicle upon leaving a political rally for the Pakistan People’s Party in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.|
|Quote||“I find that whenever I am in power, or my father was in power, somehow good things happen. The economy picks up, we have good rains, water comes, people have crops. I think the reason this happens is that we want to give love and we receive love.”|