A healthy and balanced food
The science of managing food and nutrition is known as Dietetics. In this profession the importance of appropriate eating habits and the quality of food is emphasized. It is one the growing fields developing as a career option. The dieticians and nutritionists help in promoting proper eating habits thereby improving the quality of life. They help people to plan their meals according to their health condition, work routine and age. They educate people on healthy eating habits and selection and preparation of food without losing nutrients. They also periodically evaluate the progress of patients and make changes in the diets according to the level of improvement.
Dieticians also promote eating nutritious food by overseeing the selection and preparation of food items. Through education and research they determine the different foods with the necessary nutrients. They determine the nutritional requirements of patients in hospitals and athletes during training camps. They understand the requirement of the components of food and the nutritional value of each item and recommend a balanced mix of food. This way the individuals get all the vitamins, minerals and all the essential nutrients the body requires for being healthy and fit. Food manufacturers utilize the services of nutritionists in their research departments to bring out new and better products. They are also sought after by media to educate the public about proper eating habits and balanced diet. They can also find employment in the health department of government, teaching in colleges and universities and can practice as private consultants. The increasing awareness about fitness and health ensures bright prospects for the professionals in this field as nutritionists and dieticians.
A pass in the 10 + 2 with science subjects is required to get admission to the degree courses in Nutrition & Dietetics. They can do post graduation for two years after the bachelor’s degree. The National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad is a premier Institution that functions under the Indian Council of Medical Research. There is a PhD program in food technology for doing research.
The nutritionists and dieticians are in great demand in the field of food service, catering Research, social welfare and healthcare. They estimate the purchase of food supplies and equipment and checking the quality. They prescribe the proper food for heart and diabetic and other patients according the needs of the patients. They also monitor the progress of the patients based on the diet and maintain records. In Social Welfare organizations the nutritionists and dieticians work in public health sector for improving the health of persons of all age and health conditions. The field of food and nutrition offers vast opportunities for the trained professionals in many colleges and universities imparting training in dietetics and nutrition. Consultants in private practice earn good incomes depending on their practice.