Civil engineering is one of the oldest engineering disciplines. It entails planning, designing and executing structural works. The profession concerns an extensive range of engineering tasks including designing, supervision and construction activities of public works like roads, bridges, tunnels, buildings, airports, dams, water works, sewage systems, ports etc. Thus this discipline presents a whole host of career opportunities.
A civil engineer is responsible for development and designing a project, constructing the project to the requisite scale, and maintenance of the product. Thus not only a high standard of engineering knowledge is mandatory but also supervisory and administrative skills. Their work includes site investigation, feasibility studies, creating solutions to complications that may occur and the actual designing of structures. They also have to deal with clients, architects, government officials, contactors and the supervision of work according to standards. Their work also involves the maintenance and repair of the project.
The major specializations within civil engineering are structural, water resources, environmental, construction, transportation, geo-technical engineering etc. On most projects, civil engineers work in teams or in coordination with many other engineers. They can find work as a supervisor of a construction site or a managerial position or in design, research as well as teaching in government services or private concerns. Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government, the railways, private construction companies, military, engineering services, consultancy services etc. They can also work as independent consultants. Civil Engineers can find job in Government departments, private and public sector industries, research and teaching institutions etc
The basic eligibility criteria for a BE / B.Tech in Civil Engineering is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with high percentage of marks in Science subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics). Selection to the graduate courses ( BE / B.Tech ) is based on merit i.e. the marks secured in the final exams of 10+2 and through entrance exams. A bachelor’s degree in Engineering is the essential prerequisite to become a qualified civil engineer. A post graduate degree is required for research or teaching posts and an additional degree in business administration is desirable for management positions. Engineering courses are available at two levels. There are the degree and postgraduate degree courses offered by the engineering colleges and Institutes of Technology (IITs), and, the diploma courses available at polytechnics. There is also the Associate Membership Examination of the Institute of Engineers (AMIE), which enables working people in the private and public sector, or diploma holders to acquire a Bachelor’s engineering degree through distance education.
The remuneration depends on the industry employing the engineer, but in government sector the pay starts from Rs 4500 to Rs 7500.
IIT’s or Indian institute of Technology in New Delhi, Mumbai, Guwahati, Kanpur, and Kharagpur are the most prestigious Engineering institutions in India. Other main Engineering colleges include Birla Institute of Technology (BITS) – (Pilani and Ranchi.), Delhi College of Engineering, and Delhi., University of Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttar Pradesh etc and the various Regional engineering colleges in different states.