The AIADMK led front has secured a massive 51.84 per cent of votes to trounce the DMK led front in the just concluded assembly elections in Tamil Nadu. An analysis of per centage of votes polled by the AIADMK and DMK led Fronts in the April 13 assembly elections showed that a difference of 12.43 per cent of votes, helped the AIADMK to register its landslide victory.
The DMK was routed as its principal ally, the Congress, which was allotted as many as 63 seats, also failed to deliver. The Congress has secured a paltry 9.3 per cent of votes,contrary to the belief that it held about 15 to 20 per cent vote share in the state.
The AIADMK, which contested 160 seats and lent its two leaves symbol to five other candidates of the alliance parties had secured more than 1.44 crore votes, which constituted 39.08 per cent.
The DMK, which contested on its own 119 seats and lent its rising sun symbol to four candidates of its allies, ended up securing 82.34 lakh votes, accounting for 22.38 per cent of votes.
A cursory glance at the statistics reveals that the DMK has not performed to its full potential as it had secured less than 25 per cent vote share it held in the state. Though Vijayakanth’s DMDK secured 7.88 per cent of votes amounting to about 29 lakh votes from 41 constituencies it had contested, the party had contributed significantly for the victory of the AIADMK.
Being the principal ally, the DMDK had helped the AIADMK candidates with 5,000 to 10,000 votes in all the constituencies, they contested. This helped the party to win as many as 146 of the 160 it had contested. The Congress, which was the principal ally of the DMK, had failed to come to the rescue of the DMK on this count. Thus, the DMK which had won 23 seats contesting 119 seats did so on its own strength.
In Tamil Nadu, the previous elections, whether it was for the Lok Sabha or the assembly, the strength of the alliance determined the victory prospects of a particular front. However, in this election, though the DMK front looked formidable, compared to the AIADMK, which had to lose the MDMK at the last minute, the strength of the alliance factor failed to work.
The DMK led front was routed as its allies, the Congress, Pattali Makkal Katchi and Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi (VCK) failed to perform and deliver the goods. It was widely believed that the Kongunadu Makkal Katchi would help the DMK to make inroads in the western region, a traditionally AIADMK strongholds, but proved wrong.The AIADMK led front, on the other hand, shattered the long held concept of vote bank politics and the alliance factor as it won, crossing the socio-geogrophical boundaries.
The party had the fledgling DMDK, CPI(M), CPI and some minor parties as allies, but still managed to hold sway, thanks to the extra eight to ten per cent voterswho turned up to cast their votes in this elections. Against the average polling of 68 to 70 per cent, the state witnessed an all time record of 78.80 per centage of votes and the results showed the new voters, comprising first time voters and upper middle class, had voted for change of government.
A silent anti-incumbancy wave had also helped the AIADMK to make a clean sweep. People were generally happy about the creation of infrastructural facilities like Roads and bridges, and welfare measures, but they still votes against the DMK. It appeared they turned furious after Ms Jayalalithaa led opposition campaigned, highlighting the multi-crore corruption in the 2G spectrum allocation, involving DMK minister A Raja and others. The sever power crisis and the spiralling prices added to DMK’s woes. The DMK’s calculations also went awry as it failed in all regions of the state. The PMK-VCK combination for the first time in 20 years in the state, was expected to pay rich dividends to the DMK in the northern districts, but totally failed. Similarly, the party was let down by the “Azhagiri factor” and the Congress vote bank in the southern districts.