Vai Gopalsamy, popularly known as Vaiko, is a prominent politician in Tamil Nadu, in south India. He was born in Kallingappatti, Tirunelveli district, Madras Presidency, in 1944 to a Telugu speaking Kamma Naidu family who descended from the Nayaks of Gandikota.His origin is not clarified in the links provided. While he could be a Kamma there is no evidence that proves his quoted antecedents. He is the founder of the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK), a political party that espouses the cause of the Tamil people and Tamil nationalism. He is known to be a supporter of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), which is banned as a terrorist organization in 32 countries including India, and as a result he was arrested under the Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act (POTA) in 2002 and once again on 23 October 2008 for sedition.
Vaiko was formerly seen as the ideological protege of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. Karunanidhi. He entered the Rajya Sabha in 1978 and has been member of the Upper House for three terms. He has also been elected to the Lok Sabha twice.. He was praised by many notable parliamentarians such as, AB Vajpayee, LK Advani are among the few. Vaiko‘s thundering speech on the need for a separate land for Tamils, melted the heart of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who promised him that necessary action would be taken.